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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. As the infection progresses, the immune system becomes weaker, and the person becomes more susceptible to infections. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It can take 10-15 years for an HIV-infected person to develop AIDS; antiretroviral drugs can slow down the process even further.
HIV is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse (anal or
vaginal), transfusion of contaminated blood, sharing of contaminated needles,
and between a mother and her infant during pregnancy, childbirth and
'Joint Review of the Cambodian National Health Sector Response to HIV 2013' presents the findings of a review of the national health sector response to HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) conducted in Cambodia from 30 April to 10 May 2013 by a composite team of national and external members.
The Road Map 2014-2018 provides a plan for specific and coordinated action to address the potential threat of HIV drug resistance emergence in countries in the Region.
Regional Assessment of HIV, STI and Other Health Needs of Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific
At the request of transgender delegates at the 10th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific held in Busan, Republic of Korea, and in line with contextualizing implementation of the WHO global and regional guidance for HIV interventions among MSM and transgender people, the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, in collaboration with APTN, UNDP, the Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM) and the WHO Regional Office for the South-East Asia Region, commissioned an assessment report on the state of transgender health in Asia and the Pacific.
'HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region ' presents the current status of HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia region based on the latest surveillance and programme data reported by Member States. Data are complemented by research findings as appropriate. The report highlights the progress made in prevention and control of HIV in the Region with an overview of strategic information systems and lists the challenges and future priorities.
'HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Western Pacific Region' documents the achievements and challenges of the Region's health sector response to the epidemic over the past decade.
'Situation of HIV Testing and Counselling Policies and Practices in the Eastern Mediterranean Region ' provides policy-makers with an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the situation in 2010 and argues powerfully for an effective public health approach to HIV testing and counselling.
'Planning for the Health Sector Response to HIV/AIDS' is intended to assist member countries of WHO to more effectively take up their responsibilities for their national health sector strategic planning.
'Good Practices in Asia' documents the good practices in harm reduction programmes in Malaysia and the progress to date in addressing the transmission of HIV among people who use drugs.
'HIV Surveillance in the Middle East and North Africa' is designed to assist surveillance officers and programme managers in the planning and implementation of key components of a surveillance system for HIV infection and AIDS in a region where low-level and concentrated HIV epidemics currently predominate.
Strategy to Halt and Reverse the HIV Epidemic Among People who Inject Drugs in Asia and the Pacific 2010-2015
'Strategy to Halt and Reverse the HIV Epidemic among People who Inject Drugs in Asia and the Pacific 2010-2015 ' is a call to action and a road map to ensure that the HIV and hepatitis epidemics among people who use drugs and their sexual partners in the Asia Pacific region will be halted.
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